Field Collections for Joint Nori Cultivation Project

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Project Type: 
Research
Project Number: 
R/FMD-142
Inception Date: 
1997
Completion Date: 
1999
Theme Area: 
Sustainable Aquaculture

Participants:

Arthur Mathieson UNH - Jackson Estuarine Lab Principal Investigator

Students Involved:

Jon Larsen UNH - Department of Biological Sciences
Andrew West UNH - Graduate Program in Genetics
Brian Teasdale UNH - Department of Biological Sciences
Danielle Friel Cain UNH - Graduate Program in Genetics
Objectives: 

1) Clarify the different taxa of Porphyra (nori) within the Gulf of Maine and adjacent coastal areas

2) Clarify the seasonal and spatial patterns of the native taxa based upon extensive field observations and collections

3) Provide critical field collections of different taxa for the research activities of the various team members of the enhancement project "Developing a Commercially Viable Seaweed Aquaculture Industry in New England" (R/FMD-140)

4) Coordinate regular meetings (at approximately six month intervals) and interactions with different team members of the enhancement project, R/FMD-140

Methodology: 

1) Delineate Porphyra taxa within the Gulf of Maine and adjacent coastal areas

2) Characterize the distributional ecology and phenology of Porphyra taxa within the same geography

3) Provide critical collections of different taxa for experimental culture, genetic and population genetic evaluations of different team members of the enhancement project

4) Foster enhanced interactions of diverse team members of the project

Rationale: 

The proposed taxonomic analysis of Porphyra taxa is fundamental to future genetic improvement and aquaculture of the important economic seaweed nori. Coordination of regular meetings and interactions with the different team members of the enhancement project (R/FMD-140) are also fundamental parts of the proposed project.

Publications

Available from the National Sea Grant Library (use NHU number to search) or NH Sea Grant

Journal Article

  • Yarish, C., R. Wilkes, T. Chopin, X. Fei, A. Mathieson, A. Klein, C. Neefus, G. Mitman and I. Levine (1998). Domestication of indigenous "Porphyra" (nori) species for commercial cultivation in northeast America. World Aquaculture 29(4):26-31.
  • Yarish, C., T. Chopin, R. Wilkes, A. Mathieson, X. Fei and S. Lu (1999). Domestication of nori for Northeast America: the Asian experience. Bulletin of the Aquaculture Association of Canada 99-1:11-17.
  • Neefus, C., A. Mathieson, A. Klein, B. Teasdale, T. Bray and C. Yarish (2002). "Porphyra birdiae sp. nov." (Bangiales, Rhodophyta): A new species from the northwest Atlantic. Algae 17(4):203-216.
  • Wilkes, R., C. Yarish and G. Mitman (1999). Observations on the chromosome numbers of "Porphyra" (Bangiales, Rhodophyta) populations from Long Island Sound to the Canadian Maritimes. Algae 14(4):219-222.
  • Klein, A., A. Mathieson, C. Neefus, D. Cain, H. Taylor, B. Teasdale, A. West, E. Hehre, J. Brodie, C. Yarish and A. Wallace (2003). Identification of Northwestern Atlantic "Porphyra" (Bangiaceae, Bangiales) based on sequence variation in nuclear SSU and plastic rbcL genes. Phycologia 42(2):109-122.
  • West, A., A. Mathieson, A. Klein, C. Neefus and T. Bray (2005). Molecular ecological studies of New England species of "Porphyra" (Rhodophyta, Bangiales). Nova Hedwigia 80(1-2):1-24.

Thesis/Dissertation

  • Larsen, J. (1999). Protoplast production and regeneration in "Porphyra" species for use in genetic engineering. Master's Thesis, University of New Hampshire.
  • West, A. (2001). Molecular and ecological studies of New Hampshire species of "Porphyra" (Rhodophyta, Bangiales). Master's Thesis, University of New Hampshire.
  • Teasdale, B. (2004). An investigation of genetic variation within Northwest Atlantic "Porphyra" (Bangiales, Rhodophyta) with specific phylogeographic analysis of the common, rocky intertidal species, "Porphyra umbilicalis." Doctoral dissertation, University of New Hampshire.
  • Cain, D. (2000). Genetic characterization and phylogenetic analysis of native western North Atlantic "Porphyra" using the 18S ribosomal gene. Master's Thesis, University of New Hampshire.

Abstract

  • Minocha, S. (1997). Genetic transformation in protoplasts and partially digested cells of "Ulva lactuca" (Chlorophyta) and "Porphyra miniata" (Rhodophyta). IMBC 1997 Abstracts, p. 56.